How to check physical RAM ,swap space on Unix

We often get question on how to check physical RAM  ,swap space on Unix . Command varies as per the Operating system. Here are the command  for common operating system

How to check Physical RAM , Swap Space on Unix

Operating System: HP Tru64 UNIX
Physical RAM: # /bin/vmstat -P grep “Total Physical Memory”
Swap Space: # /sbin/swapon -s

Operating System: HP-UX Itanium
Physical RAM: # /usr/contrib/bin/machinfo grep -i Memory
Swap Space: # /usr/sbin/swapinfo -a

Operating System: HP-UX PA-RISC (64-Bit)
Physical RAM: # grep “Physical:” /var/adm/syslog/syslog.log
Swap Space: # /usr/sbin/swapinfo -a

Operating System: IBM zSeries Based Linux, LinuxItanium/POWER/x86/x86-64
Physical RAM: # grep MemTotal /proc/meminfo
Swap Space: # grep SwapTotal /proc/meminfo

grep MemTotal /proc/meminfo

MemTotal:     4051792 kB


Operating System: Solaris SPARC 64-Bit/x86/x86-64
Physical RAM: # /usr/sbin/prtconf grep “Memory size”
Swap Space: # /usr/sbin/swap -s

/usr/sbin/prtconf | grep “Memory size”

Memory size: 65536 Megabytes

How to check CPU

For Solaris Operating system. Some commands may not work on all the version

/usr/platform/sun4u/sbin/prtdiag -v

If you just want information on the CPU’s you can also try:

To see the installed number of physical processors.

psrinfo -p

To see the detailed information about the physical processor,

psrinfo -pv

To see the detailed information about the virtual processor,

psrinfo -v

Other way

uname -X

For Solaris T4/T5 system, we can use the below command to find all the detail about cpu



/usr/bin/kstat -m cpu_info | egrep “chip_id|core_id|module: cpu_info” > /var/tmp/cpu_info.log


nproc=`(grep chip_id /var/tmp/cpu_info.log | awk ‘{ print $2 }’ | sort -u | wc -l | tr -d ‘ ‘)`

ncore=`(grep core_id /var/tmp/cpu_info.log | awk ‘{ print $2 }’ | sort -u | wc -l | tr -d ‘ ‘)`

vproc=`(grep ‘module: cpu_info’ /var/tmp/cpu_info.log | awk ‘{ print $4 }’ | sort -u | wc -l | tr -d ‘ ‘)`





speedinmhz=`(/usr/bin/kstat -m cpu_info | grep clock_MHz | awk ‘{ print $2 }’ | sort -u)`

speedinghz=`echo “scale=2; $speedinmhz/1000” | bc`


echo “Total number of physical processors: $nproc”

echo “Number of virtual processors: $vproc”

echo “Total number of cores: $ncore”

echo “Number of cores per physical processor: $ncoresperproc”

echo “Number of hardware threads (strands or vCPUs) per core: $nstrandspercore”

echo “Processor speed: $speedinmhz MHz ($speedinghz GHz)”


# now derive the vcpu-to-core mapping based on above information #


echo -e “\n** Socket-Core-vCPU mapping **”

let linenum=2


for ((i = 1; i <= ${nproc}; ++i ))


chipid=`sed -n ${linenum}p /var/tmp/cpu_info.log | awk ‘{ print $2 }’`

echo -e “\nPhysical Processor $i (chip id: $chipid):”


for ((j = 1; j <= ${ncoresperproc}; ++j ))


let linenum=($linenum + 1)

coreid=`sed -n ${linenum}p /var/tmp/cpu_info.log | awk ‘{ print $2 }’`

echo -e “\tCore $j (core id: $coreid):”


let linenum=($linenum – 2)

vcpustart=`sed -n ${linenum}p /var/tmp/cpu_info.log | awk ‘{ print $4 }’`


let linenum=(3 * $nstrandspercore + $linenum – 3)

vcpuend=`sed -n ${linenum}p /var/tmp/cpu_info.log | awk ‘{ print $4 }’`


echo -e “\t\tvCPU ids: $vcpustart – $vcpuend”

let linenum=($linenum + 4)




rm /var/tmp/cpu_info.log

For Linux Operating system

$ more /proc/cpuinfo
$ cat /proc/cpuinfo
$ less /proc/cpuinfo

For AIX operating system

lparstat -i | grep CPU

Online Virtual CPUs : 2
Maximum Virtual CPUs : 15
Minimum Virtual CPUs : 1
Maximum Physical CPUs in system : 2
Active Physical CPUs in system : 2
Active CPUs in Pool : 2
Physical CPU Percentage : 25.00%

mpstat /vmstats  and get the both the entitled capacity and logical/virtual CPU on the box

I have tried to present lot of information on how to check physical RAM  ,swap space on Unix but it is not complete .I hope these are useful for the users

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