AIX support two virtual page sizes: 4 kilobytes (standard page) and 16 megabytes (large page). When using large pages to map virtual memory, there are fewer page boundaries, which improve the performance of prefetching.
Both online transaction processing (OLTP) and data warehouse environments can benefit from using large pages.
For applications such as Oracle, which typically uses a large amount of virtual memory, using large page memory will generally result in improved performance. There are three types of memory with which Oracle can use large pages: shared memory (SGA), process data (.data), and the instruction text (.text).
1) Configure the AIX large page pool by calculating the number of large pages required for the SGA:
num_of_large_pages = INT((total_SGA_size-1)/16MB)+1
vmo -p -o lgpg_regions=num_of_large_pages -o lgpg_size=16777216 vmo -o lru_file_repage=0
2) Enable the Oracle UNIX account to access large memory pages.
As root, check the current settings for the user account:
lsuser -a capabilities oracle
Add the ‘CAP_BYPASS_RAC_VMM’ and ‘CAP_PROPAGATE’ if needed:
chuser capabilities=CAP_BYPASS_RAC_VMM,CAP_PROPAGATE oracle
Database Changes Required
1) Set ‘lock_sga=true’ so that you get a contiguous piece of memory that can’t be taken by another process on the box.
alter system set LOCK_SGA=true scope=spfile
2) Set ‘sga_target=0’ so that automatic memory management is turned off.We dont need to dynamically resize memory settings when a large SGA is in use
Set the db_cache_size,shared_pool _size and shared_pool_reserved_size appropriately
alter system set SGA_TARGET=0 scope=spfile; alter system set DB_CACHE_SIZE=10G scope=spfile; alter system set SHARED_POOL_SIZE=1G scope=spfile; alter system set SHARED_POOL_RESERVE_SIZE=.1G scope=spfile;
Once both the changes are done,Bounce the database to have those changes in effect
sqlplus / as sysdba shutdown immediate startup
Verify the parameter in the oracle database.
Sqlplus / as sysdba show parameter lock_sga SGA_TARGET DB_CACHE_SIZE SHARED_POOL_SIZE SHARED_POOL_RESERVE_SIZE
Also check the large pages uses on the OS side
Oracle Performance tuning Glossary
How to create spfile from pfile
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