Cluster command in Oracle clusterware 10g , 11g and 12c

Oracle clusterware is the clusterware technology from oracle to Manage Oracle RAC database on various platform.Oracle  has provide cluster utilities to manage it. Here are some of the useful Cluster command  in 10g ,11g and 12c


Cluster Control utility performs various administrative operation of oracle clusterware. It is located in $ORA_CRS_HOME/bin and must be executed by the “root” user.

Starting and stopping Oracle Clusterware resources
Enabling and disabling Oracle Clusterware daemons
Checking the health of the cluster
Managing resources that represent third-party applications
Integrating Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) with Oracle Clusterware to provide failure isolation support and to ensure cluster integrity
Debugging Oracle Clusterware components

a. To check the current state of all oracle clusterware daemon:

[root@PROD1 bin]# ./crsctl check crs
CSS appears healthy
CRS appears healthy
EVM appears healthy

b.You can also check the state of individual oracle clusterware daemon:

[root@PROD1 bin]# ./crsctl check cssd

CSS appears healthy

[root@PROD1 bin]# ./crsctl check crsd

CRS appears healthy

[root@PROD1 bin]# ./crsctl check evmd
EVM appears healthy

c. To start oracle clusterware

[root@PROD1 bin]# ./crsctl start crs
Attempting to start CRS stack
The CRS stack will be started shortly

d. To stop oracle clusterware

[root@PROD1 bin]# ./crsctl stop crs
Stopping resources.
Successfully stopped CRS resources
Stopping CSSD.
Shutting down CSS daemon.
Shutdown request successfully issued.

e. To disable oracle clusterware:

[root@PROD1 bin]# ./crsctl disable crs

f. To enable oracle clusterware:

[root@PROD1 bin]# ./crsctl enable crs

g. To get current value of CSS parameter

[root@PROD1 bin]# ./crsctl get css

for example: to get value of misscount parameter

[root@PROD1 bin]# ./crsctl get css misscount

h. To set a new value of CSS parameter

[root@PROD1 bin]# ./crsctl set css

for example: to set value of misscount parameter

[root@PROD1 bin]# ./crsctl set css misscount 120
Configuration parameter misscount is now set to 120.

i. To unset CSS parameter value

[root@PROD1 bin]# ./crsctl unset css

for example: to unset value of misscount parameter

[root@PROD1 bin]# ./crsctl unset css misscount
Configuration parameter misscount is now undefined.

j. To list the module for debugging in CSS

[root@PROD2 bin]# ./crsctl lsmodules css
The following are the CSS modules ::


It reports the current state of resources configured in the OCR.

[oracle@rac1 bin]$ ./crs_stat -t
Name Type Target State Host
ora….C1.inst application ONLINE ONLINE PROD1
ora….C2.inst application ONLINE ONLINE PROD2
ora….AC1.srv application ONLINE ONLINE PROD1 application ONLINE ONLINE PROD1
ora.RAC.db application ONLINE ONLINE PROD2
ora….AC1.srv application ONLINE ONLINE PROD1
ora….ice2.cs application ONLINE ONLINE PROD1
ora….AC1.srv application ONLINE ONLINE PROD1



It dumps the contents of OCR into a text file.

[root@PROD1 bin]# ./ocrdump /home/oracle/ocr.dmp


It verifies the integrity of the OCR.

[root@PROD2 bin]# ./ocrcheck
Status of Oracle Cluster Registry is as follows :
Version : 2
Total space (kbytes) : 5237072
Used space (kbytes) : 9360
Available space (kbytes) : 5227712
ID : 794527192
Device/File Name : /u01/oracle/oradata/ocr
Device/File integrity check succeeded

Cluster registry integrity check succeeded

OCRCONFIG: It perform various administrative operation on the OCR.

To know more about ocrconfig use click here: OCRCONFIG


$ORA_CRS_HOME/bin/oifcfg getif
eth0 global public
eth1 global cluster_interconnect

Oifcfg Usage:
oifcfg iflist
oifcfg setif {-node <nodename> | -global} {<if_name>/<subnet>:<if_type>}…
oifcfg getif [-node <nodename> | -global] [ -if <if_name>[/<subnet>] [-type <if_type>] ]
oifcfg delif [-node <nodename> | -global] [<if_name>[/<subnet>]]
oifcfg [-help]

<nodename> – name of the host, as known to a communications network
<if_name> – name by which the interface is configured in the system
<subnet> – subnet address of the interface
<if_type> – type of the interface { cluster_interconnect | public | storage }

These command are used to change the VIP,private network configuration in cluster


It is Cluster Verification Utility

cluvfy commands

cluvfy [-help] or cluvfy -h

cluvfy stage {-pre|-post} stage_name stage_specific_options [-verbose]

cluvfy stage -post hwos -n node_list [-verbose]
./ stage -post hwos -n node1,node2 -verbose

cluvfy stage -pre cfs -n node_list [-verbose]
cluvfy stage -post cfs -n node_list [-verbose]

cluvfy stage -pre crsinst -n node_list [-c ocr_location] [-r {10gR1|10gR2|11gR1|11gR2}] [-q voting_disk] [-osdba osdba_group]
[-orainv orainventory_group] [-verbose]
cluvfy stage -pre crsinst -n node1,node2,node3
./ stage -pre crsinst -n all -verbose
cluvfy stage -post crsinst -n node_list [-verbose]

cluvfy stage -pre dbinst -n node_list [-r {10gR1|10gR2|11gR1|11gR2}] [-osdba osdba_group] [-orainv orainventory_group] [-verbose]
cluvfy stage -pre dbcfg -n node_list -d oracle_home [-verbose]


srvctl start nodeapps -n node1
srvctl start asm -n node1
srvctl start instance -d PRODDB -i “PRODDB1”
srvctl start nodeapps -n node2
srvctl start asm -n node2
srvctl start instance -d PRODDB -i “PRODDB2”

oclumon (Cluster Health Monitor)

oclumon -help
oclumon version

oclumon debug version
oclumon debug [log daemon module:log_level] [version]
oclumon debug [log all/osysmond/ologgerd/client debuglevel] [0-3]
oclumon debug log osysmond CRFMOND:3
oclumon debug log ologgerd CRFLOGD:2
oclumon debug log client allcomp:1
oclumon debug log all allcomp:0

12c New Features

The What-if command (eval, predict) is the 12c clusterware new features. This feature is used to determine the impact of cluster operations without actually executing these commands.Administrators can use these commands to analyze and determine the impact of a certain operation before actually executing the operation and minimizes the potential risk.

./crsctl eval delete server <server name>
srvctl predict diskgroup -diskgroup FRA -verbose

Related articles

Oracle documentation on crsctl

Oracle Flex Cluster 12c

How to Recreate Central Inventory in Real Applications Clusters

What is Oracle Clusterware

How to add any node to Oracle RAC cluster in 10g and 11g

why-database-not-startup-automatic in 11gR2 cluster

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