DML operations like insert, update, and delete are allowed in Oracle views with certain restrictions. Let’s check in this post to update the view in Oracle, insert into view oracle, delete from view in Oracle
DML on view in Oracle
- We can perform DML operations like insert, delete and update on the view just like the oracle table also with some restrictions
- A VIEW in Oracle is created by joining one or more tables. When you update record(s) in a VIEW, it updates the records in the underlying tables that make up the View.
- But of course, you need the appropriate privileges for the underlying tables
- DML operations on views can be performed as long as the view does not contain these words: DISTINCT, GROUP BY, START WITH, CONNECT BY, ROWNUM, UNION [ALL], INTERSECT, MINUS, or view has subqueries.
- When using the WITH CHECK OPTION [CONSTRAINT <constraint_name>] clause, one can restrict the values inserted using the views:
Let’s first create the TEST view.
Create view emp_data as select e.empno,e.ename,e.sal,e.deptno,d.dname From emp e, dept d where e.deptno=d.deptno;
In order to view allowable DML operations on a view, query the USER_UPDATABLE_COLUMNS view.
select table_name,column_name,updatable,insertable,deletable from USER_UPDATABLE_COLUMNS where table_name='EMP_DATA';
Let’s try to insertSimilarly, we can delete from the view and update also based on USER_UPDATABLE_COLUMNS
View with check option in oracle
The WITH CHECK OPTION clause is used with an updatable view to make sure that changes to the view don’t make rows that aren’t in the query.
Now take an example with check option in oracle
CREATE VIEW EMP_SAL AS SELECT EMPNO, ENAME ,SAL FROM EMP WHERE SAL < 2000 WITH CHECK OPTION;One can use DML operation on this view only on values smaller than 2000 only
-When specifying the constraint name, Oracle will create the constraint using the specified name (otherwise will create using SYS_C followed by a unique string).
Oracle will report an ORA-01402 error when the violation of the check option happens.
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