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Awesome 24 Concurrent Manager Interview questions

Here are awesome 24 Concurrent Manager Interview questions asked in most interviews to test concurrent Manager working skills

Question 1: What are the different types of concurrent managers?

Answer There are several types of concurrent managers. Important ones:
Internal Manager
Standard Manager.
Conflict Resolution Manager
Internal monitors
Service Manager
Transaction Manager
Custom Manager Defined

Read more on the below link

Oracle Concurrent Manager

Question 2: What is Internal Concurrent Manager?

Answer: It is responsible for controlling all other concurrent managers. Its main task is to make sure that all other concurrent managers are up and running. It controls other managers through the requests made to the service manager. It also starts, stops, and restarts the service manager for all nodes.

Question 3: What is Conflict Resolution Manager (CRM)?

Answer: It takes care of resolving the program incompatibilities and checks if a request in the queue can be run in parallel with the running request. If a program is identified as run alone, then it prevents concurrent managers from starting other programs in the same conflict domain.

Question 4: What is a Standard Manager?

Answer: Standard Manager is the master concurrent manager. It is always running and can take care of processing any concurrent request. If at all, no other manager is assigned to a program, that program will be picked by the standard manager.

Question 5:
What happened behind the scene when a concurrent request is submitted?


(1) Once a concurrent request is submitted by the user, the table FND_CONCURRENT_REQUESTS is automatically updated with the details of the request. The table is also updated with the information about the schedule of the concurrent request whether it’s immediately scheduled or scheduled at a fixed time.

(2 If the request is incompatible/constraints defined, Once the request time to run arrives, its status is set to pending/Standby. Now the conflict resolution manager takes care of the request and finds out what are the incompatibilities and sets the status pending normal when the incompatibilities are cleared.

(3) If there are no incompatibilities then Once the request time to run arrives,it status is set to pending/Normal

(4) ALL the standard concurrent Managers and special managers continuously poll the FND_CONCURRENT_REQUESTS table. The job of a concurrent manager is to execute concurrent requests that are in the Pending / Normal phase/status and that it is qualified to run according to its specialization rules.

(5) Concurrent Manager Processes
– Act independently
– Select only requests that: (a) match the manager specialization rules, (b) are Pending/Normal, (c) have a requested start time <= sysdate

(6) Once the request is processed, the FND_CONCURRENT_REQUESTS table is updated with the status.

Question 6: Business users create the incident that Concurrent requests is taking a lot of time to complete. What will be your approach for debugging it?


1) First find the status of the concurrent request. It may be scheduled later on or it could be pending/standby mode or all the concurrent managers are occupied running other requests. If it is pending/standby, we need to find the incompatible program running and inform the user. Many times the users schedule the request to run at a later time.

2) Find out the database sid of the concurrent request and check it is waiting on any locks. We will kill oracle session which is blocking in order to complete the job

3) We can run a trace on the request-id to find the sql running and then generate the explain plan for it. You can see if the sid is stuck on a particular sql. If it is a particular sql, then it is good to check the statistics of the table involved. We can look for a tuning opportunity for that query

4) We can check the parameters with which the request is run. (For example, once a user came saying the request is not printing the output. On Checking the possible things, it was realized that he scheduled the request with print copies = 0.)

Question 7: What happens when the internal concurrent manager dies abruptly? Are all the managers also killed immediately after it?


No ALL the standard managers keep running and executing the request. if the internal manager dies, below queue control requests are not performed

a) Starts all other processes.
b) Executes “control requests” submitted by the administrator.
c) Activate/Deactivate/Abort Concurrent Manager
d) Terminate Concurrent Request
e) Monitors processes, restarting any that failed.
f) Sets the target number of processes for each service based on the current work shift.

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Question 8: Does the internal manager run or schedule any request for itself?


No, the internal manager does not run or schedule any requests. It has nothing to do with scheduling requests or deciding which manager will run a particular request. Its function is only to run ‘queue control’ requests

a) Starts all other processes.
b) Executes “control requests” submitted by the administrator.
c) Activate/Deactivate/Abort Concurrent Manager
d) Terminate Concurrent Request
e) Monitors processes, restarting any that failed.
f) Sets the target number of processes for each service based on the current work shift.

Question 9: How do I process more concurrent requests in parallel?


We can increase the target processes of the concurrent manager in order to increase the parallelism. This can be done using define concurrent manager form or through a direct update from sqlplus

Question 10: If the internal manager goes down, do I need to kill all the managers before restarting the internal manager?

No, if the internal manager goes down you need not kill all the managers. You can simply start the internal manager using startmgr.

Question 11: What are the problems u have faced while shutting down applications?


While shutting down an application generally concurrent manager won’t go down because some of the other requests may be running. We will see what are the concurrent requests running by querying fnd_concurrent_requests, fnd_concurrent_program_vl, v$session, v$process and v$sqltext.

If that request is only doing some select statement then we will kill those requests, otherwise, we will check what time it will take to complete by querying the previous runs of that request, and then we will decide what to do.

Question 12: What are Internal Monitors?

Answer: Internal Monitors are used specifically in PCP to allow for ICM failover to other available middle-tier nodes.
a) Place an Internal Monitor on any node where the ICM can start in case of a failure.
b) Internal Monitors are seeded on every registered node by default.
c) If the ICM goes down, the Internal Monitor will attempt to start a new ICM on the local node.
d) If multiple ICMs are started, only the first will stay active. The others will gracefully exit.

Question 13: Can I delete the concurrent manager?

Yes, you can delete any concurrent manager. For deleting, query for the manager in the defined concurrent manager form and then delete the row.

Deleting the predefined concurrent managers is not recommended and it should never be done. Deletion may cause instability in the system.

Question 14: How can you know which trace file is created for the particular request?


You can find out the same using the script given below. The trace will be located in the udump location of the database server.

accept request prompt ‘Please enter the concurrent request id for the appropriate concurrent program:’
column traceid format a8
column tracename format a80
column user_concurrent_program_name format a40
column execname format a15
column enable_trace format a12
set lines 80
set pages 22
set head off
SELECT ‘Request id: ‘||request_id, ‘Trace id: ‘||oracle_Process_id, ‘Trace flag: ‘||req.enable_trace, ‘Trace Name: ‘||dest.value||’ ‘||lower(dbnm.value)||’ora’||oracle_process_id||’.trc’, ‘Prog. Name: ‘||prog.user_concurrent_program_name, ‘File name: ‘||execname.execution_file_name||execname.subroutine_name , ‘Status :’||decode(phase_code, ‘R’, ‘Running’)||’ ‘||’-‘||decode(status_code, ‘R’, ‘Normal’), “SID Serial: “||ses.sid||” , “||ses.serial#, “Module : “||ses.module
from fnd_concurrent_requests req,
v$session ses, v$process proc,
v$parameter dest, v$parameter dbnm,
fnd_concurrent_programs_v1 prog,
fnd_executables execname
where req.request_id = &request
and req.oracle_process_id=proc.spid(+)
and proc.addr = ses.paddr(+)
and dest.name=’user_dump_dest’
and dbnm.name=’db_name’
and req.concurrent_program_id =
and req.program_application_id =
and prog.application_id =

Top 30 Most Useful Concurrent Manager Queries

Question 15: Explain how parallel concurrent processing(PCP) works?

In case of parallel concurrent processing, all the managers are assigned a primary and a secondary node. The managers are started in their primary node by default. In case of node failure or Oracle instance failure, all the concurrent managers on that node are switched to their secondary nodes. Once the primary node is available again the concurrent managers on the secondary nodes are migrated back to the primary node. During the migration process, a manager may be spread across both primary and secondary nodes.

In case of parallel concurrent processing, it may happen that in a node where parallel concurrent processing is configured, the Oracle instance may or may not be running. The node which is not running Oracle, the concurrent managers connects via Net8 to a node that is running Oracle.
The internal concurrent manager can run on any node and can activate and deactivate concurrent managers on all nodes. Since the internal concurrent manager must be active at all times, it needs high fault tolerance. To provide this fault tolerance, parallel concurrent processing uses internal monitor processes. The job of the internal monitor process is to constantly monitor the internal manager and start it when it fails. Only one internal monitor process can be active on a single node. You decide which nodes have an internal monitor process when you configure your system. You can also assign each internal monitor process a primary and a secondary node to ensure fail-over protection. Internal monitor processes, like concurrent managers, can be assigned work shifts, and are activated and deactivated by the internal concurrent manager.

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Parallel Concurrent Processing

Question 16: What are the circumstances in which you need to bounce the concurrent manager?

Answer: There can be many situations where you need to bounce the concurrent manager

a) When you modify the definition of the printers
b) When you modify the environment variables. Suppose you have changed the APPLTMP and APPLPTMP variable.
c) When all the requests are pending and hanging and no processing happening
d) patch application requires the bounce of the CM
e) We have many global hangs in the system due to locks by several concurrent managers and other processes

Question 17: What are the reasons a concurrent manager hangs?


The concurrent manager hangs due to many reasons. A few of them are:
– Long-running jobs
– The internal manager was activated by someone other than the owner of the application system
– The operating system files system is full
– It’s not able to create the log file
– You’ve shut down the internal manager, but actually it has a number in it
– The database is hanging maybe because the archive log files have been filled
– Pending/standby requests are too many

Question 18: How can we enable/disable Conflict Resolution Manager?

Answer: It can be done using profile options “Concurrent: Use ICM”. Set it to “Y” to enable the Conflict Resolution manager. To disable it, set the profile option to “N”.

Question 19: What are Transaction Managers?

Answer: Transaction managers provide synchronous job processing by continually monitoring a DBMS pipe for requests to come through from a client-side application. The job of a transaction manager is to process this job immediately and send information back to the client using the pipe.

a) Transaction Managers Provide Synchronous Job Processing
b) A client makes a request for a specific transaction manager to run a program and waits for the results of that program
c) Product teams’ programs are linked directly into the transaction manager executables
d) PO, CRP, INV, AR, and OE all ship transaction managers

Question 20: How the mechanism of viewing log and output files works from the browser?


The sequence of events is as follows:
1. A user within an Applications session requests to view a log or out file.
2. The browser receives the request and spawns the CGI program FNDWRR.exe
3. FNDWRR.exe logs into the database and queries FND_CONCURRENT_REQUESTS to discover on which node the files for this request are stored.
4. FNDWRR.exe constructs the service name for the file server on that node. And makes the tns call to contact the listener for this service name.
5. The listener responds by spawning the local FNDFS executable, as defined in its listener.ora file. Now, FNDFS and FNDWRR.exe are able to communicate directly now, using RPC calls.
6. FNDWRR.exe requests FNDFS to transfer the file that was selected by the user.
7. FNDFS transfers the file contents to a temporary file directory on the web server’s node.
8. The web server displays the file contents to the user.

Question 21: Why does the Concurrent manager put a concurrent program into a queue? Why doesn’t the manager simply let the program run?
Answer: Because at any given point in time a concurrent manager can run no more than say 10 programs concurrently. This figure of 10 is configurable of course. First, the manager puts a submitted program into a queue, next, the manager checks if there is a slot available (i.e. Less than 10 programs are currently running). If a slot is found available, the concurrent manager then runs the program, or else it keeps the concurrent program in a queue with status Pending.

Question 22: What to do if a request is Inactive/No Manager

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Answer: This is quite tricky questions
a) Make certain that there is at least one active manager with specialization rules that allow the program.
b) If you have confirmed the previous point, then the problem may be a stale Worker Request View
– The view is used internally to map requests to managers
– The view is regenerated when managers are created, or specialization rules are altered
c) You can manually regenerate the view

Question 23: What is Service Managers?

Answer: Service Managers are spawned on the middle-tier nodes of a GSM-enabled system in order to act as an agent of the ICM. When the ICM sees that it needs An Service Manager to perform some function, such as start a concurrent manager process, on a middle-tier node, it will make remote procedure control (RPC) calls to the Apps listener on that node to start the Service manager. Once the Service manager has been started and initialized, the ICM communicates directly to the SM through RPC, giving it information to manage the services on that node. The SM is spawned from the APPS TNS Listener. The APPS TNS Listener must be started on every middle-tier node in the system and started by the user that starts ICM (e.g. applmgr).TNS Listener spawns Service Manager to run as an agent of ICM for the local node
The Service Manager is started by ICM on demand when needed. If no management actions are needed on a node a Service Manager will not be started by ICM until necessary. When ICM exits its Service Managers exit as well.

Question 24: What all is performed by ICM Process Monitor?

Answer: The ICM itself and each process spawned by the ICM has an entry in FND_CONCURRENT_PROCESSES and holds a uniquely named DBMS lock.
The unique lock of the ICM has a format of FNDCPLK_ICM. This database session lock is the method that the ICM ensures each PMON cycle that manager and service processes are still alive. If the ICM can get the DBMS session lock of a process, the ICM will start a new process for that manager or service.

This is the reason you will often see entries like dead process found, starting a new process in ICM log files.

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Recommended  Courses

The following are some of the recommended courses you can buy if you want to get a step further

Given below are the links to some of the courses

Oracle DBA 11g/12c – Database Administration for Junior DBA : This course is good for the people who are starting as Junior DBA or aspire to be Oracle DBA. This will provide a good understanding of backup & recovery and General administration tasks
Oracle Database: Oracle 12C R2 RAC Administration : This course covers the installation, administration of Oracle RAC. A good course for Oracle DBA who want to upgrade his skills for Oracle RAC
Oracle Data Guard: Database Administration for Oracle 12C R2 : This course covers the installation, administration of Oracle Dataguard. A good course for Oracle DBA who want to upgrade his skills for Oracle Dataguard

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