27 Useful scripts for Oracle Database for Administrative and Monitoring purpose

Last updated on February 23rd, 2019 at 06:46 pm

We often need to monitor the database session for performance reason.Here are Top Useful Scripts  for Oracle  Database for Administrative and Monitoring purpose

Script to find the sid of the session you are logged in as

select distinct(sid) from v$mystat;

Script to see all active session

select username,osuser,sid,serial#, program,sql_hash_value,module from v$session where username is not null
and status ='ACTIVE' and module is not null;

Script to see waiters

set linesize 1000
column waiting_session heading ‘WAITING|SESSION’
column holding_session heading ‘HOLDING|SESSION’
column lock_type format a15
column mode_held format a15
column mode_requested format a15select
waiting_session,
holding_session,
lock_type,
mode_held,
mode_requested,
lock_id1,
lock_id2
from
dba_waiters
/

Script to how active transaction in the database

col RBS format a15 trunc
col SID format 9999
col USER format a15 trunc
col COMMAND format a60 trunc
col status format a8 trunc
select r.name "RBS", s.sid, s.serial#, s.username "USER", t.status,
t.cr_get, t.phy_io, t.used_ublk, t.noundo,
substr(s.program, 1, 78) "COMMAND"
from v$session s, v$transaction t, v$rollname r
where t.addr = s.taddr
and t.xidusn = r.usn
order by t.cr_get, t.phy_io
/

Script to monitor the long running queries

set linesize 1000
select
OPNAME,
sid,SOFAR/TOTALWORK*100,
to_char(start_time,'dd-mon-yy hh:mi') started,
elapsed_seconds/60,time_remaining/60
from
v$session_longops
where
sid =&sid

Script to see all lock objects

set term on;
set lines 130;
column sid_ser format a12 heading 'session,|serial#';
column username format a12 heading 'os user/|db user';
column process format a9 heading 'os|process';
column spid format a7 heading 'trace|number';
column owner_object format a35 heading 'owner.object';
column locked_mode format a13 heading 'locked|mode';
column status format a8 heading 'status';
select
substr(to_char(l.session_id)||','||to_char(s.serial#),1,12) sid_ser,
substr(l.os_user_name||'/'||l.oracle_username,1,12) username,
l.process,
p.spid,
substr(o.owner||'.'||o.object_name,1,35) owner_object,
decode(l.locked_mode,
1,'No Lock',
2,'Row Share',
3,'Row Exclusive',
4,'Share',
5,'Share Row Excl',
6,'Exclusive',null) locked_mode,
substr(s.status,1,8) status
from
v$locked_object l,
all_objects o,
v$session s,
v$process p
where
l.object_id = o.object_id
and l.session_id = s.sid
and s.paddr = p.addr
and s.status != 'KILLED'
/

Script to see waits events

set linesize 1000
column sid format 999
column username format a15 wrapped
column spid format a8
column event format a30 wrapped
column osuser format a12 wrapped
column machine format a25 wrapped
column program format a30 wrapped
select sw.sid sid
, p.spid spid
, s.username username
, s.osuser osuser
, sw.event event
, s.machine machine
, s.program program
from v$session_wait sw
, v$session s
, v$process p
where s.paddr = p.addr
and event not in ('pipe get','client message')
and sw.sid = s.sid
/

Script to see particular session waits

select sid,seq#,wait_time,event,seconds_in_wait,state from v$session_wait where sid in (&sid);

Script to see all user accessing that objects

column object format a30
column owner format a10
select * from v$access where object='&object_name'
/

Script gives information about the user sessions locking a particular object

set linesize 1000
column program format a15
column object format a15
select substr(username||'('|| se0.sid||')',1,5) "User Session",
substr(owner,1,5) "Object Owner",
substr(object,1,15) "Object",
se0.sid,
substr(serial#,1,6) "Serial#",
substr(program,1,15) "Program",
logon_time "Logon Time",
process "Unix Process"
from v$access ac, v$session se0
where ac.sid = se0.sid
and Object = '&PACKAGE'
order by logon_time,"Object Owner","Object"
/

Script to see the explain plan for the statement in the library cache

set linesize 9999
column QUERY format a999
set pages 250
set head off
set verify off
select id,lpad(' ',2*(depth-1)) || depth ||'.' || nvl(position,0) || ' '|| operation || ' '|| options || ' '|| object_name ||' '
||'cost= '|| to_char(cost)||' '|| optimizer "QUERY"
from v$sql_plan
where hash_value = &sql_hash_value
order by child_number,id
/

Script to find server location

select nvl(username,'ORACLE SHADOW PROCESS'),
machine from
v$session where username is null
and rownum < 2
/

Script to see the top sort segment usage

col sid format 999999
col spid format a6
col tablespace format a10
col username format a25
col noexts format 9999 head EXTS
col proginfo format a25 trunc
col mbused format 999,999.90
col status format a1 trunc
set verify off
select * from (
select s.sid,
s.status,
b.spid,
s.sql_hash_value sesshash,
u.SQLHASH sorthash,
s.username,
u.tablespace,
sum(u.blocks*p.value/1024/1024) mbused ,
sum(u.extents) noexts,
u.segtype,
s.module || ' - ' || s.program proginfo
from v$sort_usage u, v$session s, v$parameter p, v$process b
where u.session_addr = s.saddr
and p.name = 'db_block_size'
and b.addr = s.paddr
group by s.sid,s.status,b.spid,s.sql_hash_value,u.sqlhash,s.username,u.tablespace,
u.segtype,
s.module || ' - ' || s.program
order by 8 desc,4)
where rownum < 11;

Script to check the last analyzed for the tables in sql statement

set lin 1000
set verify off
col owner format a15
col object_name format a25
col object_type format a12
col "LAST ANALYZED" format a13

 

select do.OWNER,do.OBJECT_NAME,OBJECT_TYPE,
decode (OBJECT_TYPE,'TABLE'  , (Select LAST_ANALYZED from dba_tables where owner=do.owner and TABLE_NAME=do.object_name)  ,'INDEX'  , (Select LAST_ANALYZED from dba_indexes where owner=do.owner and INDEX_NAME=do.object_name) ,'UNKNOWN') "LAST ANALYZED",STATUS
from   DBA_OBJECTS do
where  OBJECT_TYPE in ('TABLE','INDEX')
and    (OWNER,OBJECT_NAME) in (select OBJECT_OWNER,OBJECT_NAME from V$SQL_PLAN where HASH_VALUE=&1)
/

To check Library Cache locks and pin

select /*+ all_rows */ w1.sid waiting_session,
h1.sid holding_session,
w.kgllktype lock_or_pin,
w.kgllkhdl address,
decode(h.kgllkmod, 0, 'None', 1, 'Null', 2, 'Share', 3, 'Exclusive',
'Unknown') mode_held,
decode(w.kgllkreq, 0, 'None', 1, 'Null', 2, 'Share', 3, 'Exclusive',
'Unknown') mode_requested
from dba_kgllock w, dba_kgllock h, v$session w1, v$session h1
where
(((h.kgllkmod != 0) and (h.kgllkmod != 1)
and ((h.kgllkreq = 0) or (h.kgllkreq = 1)))
and
(((w.kgllkmod = 0) or (w.kgllkmod= 1))
and ((w.kgllkreq != 0) and (w.kgllkreq != 1))))
and w.kgllktype = h.kgllktype
and w.kgllkhdl = h.kgllkhdl
and w.kgllkuse = w1.saddr
and h.kgllkuse = h1.saddr
/

To check Control File location

col name  format a60 heading "Control Files"
select name
from   sys.v_$controlfile
/

To check redo log location

col Grp format 9999
col member format a50 heading "Online REDO Logs"
col File# format 9999
col name format a50 heading "Online REDO Logs"
break on Grp
select group#,member
from sys.v_$logfile
/

To check datafile location

col Tspace format a25
col status format a3 heading Sta
col Id format 9999
col Mbyte format 999999999
col name format a50 heading "Database Data Files"
col Reads format 99,999,999
col Writes format 99,999,999

break on report
compute sum label 'Total(MB)' of Mbyte on report

select F.file_id Id,
F.file_name name,
F.bytes/(1024*1024) Mbyte,
decode(F.status,'AVAILABLE','OK',F.status) status,
F.tablespace_name Tspace
from sys.dba_data_files F
order by tablespace_name;

Checking autoextend on/off for Tablespaces:

select substr(file_name,1,50), AUTOEXTENSIBLE from dba_data_files
(OR)
SQL> select tablespace_name,AUTOEXTENSIBLE from dba_data_files;

How to check Underscore parameters

SELECT X.KSPPINM NAME, DECODE(BITAND(KSPPIFLG/256, 1), 1, 'TRUE', 'FALSE') SESMOD,
DECODE( BITAND(KSPPIFLG/65536, 3), 1, 'IMMEDIATE', 2, 'DEFERRED', 3, 'IMMEDIATE', 'FALSE' ) SYSMOD,
KSPPDESC DESCRIPTION
FROM SYS.X_$KSPPI X WHERE X.INST_ID = USERENV('INSTANCE') AND
TRANSLATE(KSPPINM,'_','#') LIKE '#%' ORDER BY 1 ;

How to show DBA links

set linesize 128 pages 1000
col owner format a15
col db_link format a15
col username format a20
col host format a15
col name format a30
Prompt Database Links:
select owner, db_link, username, host from dba_db_links order by owner,db_link,username
/
Prompt Synonym Links:
select distinct owner, db_link from dba_synonyms where db_link is not null
/
Prompt Snapshot Links:
select owner, name, replace(master_link,'@','') db_link from dba_snapshots
where master_link is not null
/

Identifying the segment by DBA_extents using file-id and block

SELECT segment_name, segment_type
FROM dba_extents
WHERE file_id = < file> AND
<block> BETWEEN block_id and block_id + blocks - 1;

Listing jobs running from DBMS_SCHEDULER

SET HEADING ON
SET LINESIZE 300
SET PAGESIZE 60COLUMN owner FORMAT A20
SELECT owner,
job_name,
running_instance,
elapsed_time
FROM dba_scheduler_running_jobs
ORDER BY owner, job_name
/

Listing DBMS_SCHEDULER JOB information

SET HEADING ON
SET LINESIZE 300
SET PAGESIZE 60
COLUMN owner FORMAT A20
COLUMN next_run_date FORMAT A35
SELECT owner,
job_name,
enabled,
job_class,
next_run_date
FROM dba_scheduler_jobs
ORDER BY owner, job_name
/

How to get Historical plan for the SQL_ID from AWR

SET PAGESIZE 60
SET LINESIZE 300
SELECT * FROM TABLE(dbms_xplan.display_awr('&SQL_ID'))
/

How to do wait analysis of the database

select event, state, count(*) from v$session_wait group by event, state order by 3 desc;

How to find High Buffer gets sql 

select * from (SELECT address, hash_value,
buffer_gets, executions, buffer_gets/executions "Gets/Exec",
sql_text
FROM v$sqlarea
WHERE buffer_gets > 500000 and executions>0
ORDER BY 3 desc) where rownum <20
;

This list of Useful scripts for oracle database for monitoring purpose is not complete. There are many more scripts for monitoring.I will be presenting them in subsequent posts

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